Development of mining industry in accordance to advancement of technology plays an important role in not only the industry but also the environment. The industry plays a major role in global economy. Because of low profit margin, high capital requirement and environmental limitations, mining companies used to be very conservative in starting and accepting novel technologies. However, they welcome changes more easily now and have made significant progress.
The progress can be best defined by enhanced productivity but it is also reflected in changes in mining technologies and environmental control. Special importance is given to worker health and safety too. Companies carry out best mining practices and processes, and have effectively integrated clean and improved technology.
The results are more visible in developing countries. If this pace of innovation continues, there will be a significant technology gap amid countries and mining industries.
Measures to Reduce Environmental Pollution
Sustainable technological development is used to improve performance of firms in the mining industry. Authorities address the risky surrounding and level of pollution, and actively attempt to reduce the impact. Various new tools and practices are introduced to reduce environmental pollution to all media and therefore enhance the overall quality of life in the operational work area.
The prime aim is to adopt and implement innovative technologies by using both environmental and mining technologies, and augment the quality of environment in the mining industry area. The industry wishes to lower negative impact to human health and the physical environment by reducing land degradation, and water and air pollution.
Some of the most recent developments in mining technologies have been mentioned below. They are all environment-friendly and cost-effective technologies.
- Solvent-extraction/electro-winning (SXEW): SWEW is a hydrometallurgical process that varies from the mainstream technique of producing copper metal by milling, smelting and refining. The SXEW’s development process allows firms to lower the cost of production from raw ore dumps of copper minerals and waste. Big copper-producing nations such as United States are benefitted by this technology.
- Hybrid Coalmine Gas Technology (HCGT): EESTECH offers environmentally sustainable technologies that have direct application in the global coal mining and energy industries. Its HCGT is a Clean Development Mechanism. It uses ventilated coalmine methane and waste coal as fuel to produce cost-effective clean coal energy. This access to clean coal technology helps tackle global warming.
- Network Probe: The network probe is a wireless battery powered network used for personnel and equipment tracking at mine sites. It can measure workspace performance and also monitor the location of company’s staff and underground assets in real-time. The system is self-sufficient and can operate even during power outages. Network probe is the ultimate protocol analyzer to monitor network traffic in real-time.
Countries, both developed and developing, have imposed environmental standards for effluent, emission, groundwater contamination, hazard, and toxic management guidelines. However, failures happen due to poor monitoring capability, weak law enforcement, and inadequate skilled human resources. It is important that the environment standards are maintained in developing countries as this can improve overall management and environmental performance of the mining industry.
Social and political organizations must influence adherence to standards and industry development. These include authorities such as local government, central government, and public decision makers. The intention is to create international harmonization of environmental standards.
Various training programs and workshops on pollution control and techniques measurement can be carried out. It improves positioning for global competitiveness in various mining product. It will also boost the corporate image of the industries and global consumers will be benefitted. With passing time, the industry will embrace more and more positive changes.